Yum搭建LNMP环境(动、静、库分离)--技术流ken

广东十一选5一定牛 www.aavbg.com  

前言

 

本篇博客使用yum来搭建lnmp环境,将采用动态,静态以及数据库分开安装的方式即nginx,php,mysql.会被分开安装在不同的服务器之上,搭建出来一套lnmp环境,并部署wordpress进行测试。

 

LNMP准备环境

 

centos7

firewalld关闭状态

selinux关闭状态

nginx服务器IP:192.168.43.174

php、php-fpm、php-mysql服务器IP: 192.168.43.175

MySQL服务器IP:192.168.43.176

 

LNMP搭建

 

第一步:php、php-fpm、php-mysql服务器搭建

下载用于和数据库通信的php-mysql,支持php文件的php以及实现fastcgi的php-fpm

[[email protected] ~]# yum install php-mysql php php-fpm -y

 

第二步:配置php-fpm文件

主要修改12行处为本机的IP地址,24行处修改为nginx端的IP地址,保证本机有apache用户

 ; Start a new pool named 'www'.
  2 [www]
  3 
  4 ; The address on which to accept FastCGI requests.
  5 ; Valid syntaxes are:
  6 ;   'ip.add.re.ss:port'    - to listen on a TCP socket to a specific address on
  7 ;                            a specific port;
  8 ;   'port'                 - to listen on a TCP socket to all addresses on a
  9 ;                            specific port;
 10 ;   '/path/to/unix/socket' - to listen on a unix socket.
 11 ; Note: This value is mandatory.
 12 listen = 192.168.43.175:9000      ##这里修改为本机的IP地址
 13 
 14 ; Set listen(2) backlog. A value of '-1' means unlimited.
 15 ; Default Value: -1
 16 ;listen.backlog = -1
 17 
 18 ; List of ipv4 addresses of FastCGI clients which are allowed to connect.
 19 ; Equivalent to the FCGI_WEB_SERVER_ADDRS environment variable in the original
 20 ; PHP FCGI (5.2.2+). Makes sense only with a tcp listening socket. Each address
 21 ; must be separated by a comma. If this value is left blank, conne; must be separated by a comma. If this value is left blank, connections will be
 22 ; accepted from any ip address.
 23 ; Default Value: any
 24 listen.allowed_clients = 192.168.43.174  ##修改为nginx端的IP地址
 25 
 26 ; Set permissions for unix socket, if one is used. In Linux, read/write
 27 ; permissions must be set in order to allow connections from a web server. Many
 28 ; BSD-derived systems allow connections regardless of permissions.
 29 ; Default Values: user and group are set as the running user
 30 ;                 mode is set to 0666
 31 ;listen.owner = nobody
 32 ;listen.group = nobody
 33 ;listen.mode = 0666
 34 
 35 ; Unix user/group of processes
 36 ; Note: The user is mandatory. If the group is not set, the default user's group
 37 ;       will be used.
 38 ; RPM: apache Choosed to be able to access some dir as httpd
 39 user = apache   #确保有apache用户
 40 ; RPM: Keep a group allowed to write in log dir.
 41 group = apache  #确保有apache组
...

检查是否有apache用户,如果没有需要下载httpd服务,或者自建apache用户即可

[[email protected] ~]# id apache
uid=998(apache) gid=48(apache) groups=48(apache)

 

第三步:启动php-fpm服务

监听本机的9000端口

[[email protected] ~]# systemctl restart php-fpm
[[email protected] ~]# ss -tnl | grep 9000
LISTEN     0      128    192.168.43.175:9000                     *:*     

 

第四步:下载nginx

在192.168.43.174服务器上面下载nginx

[[email protected] ~]# yum install nginx -y

 

第五步:配置nginx

添加如下一个location,fastcgi_pass执行刚才配置的php服务器端

[[email protected] ~]# vim /etc/nginx/nginx.conf
...
 server {
        listen       80;
        server_name  _;
        root         /var/www/html;
       index index.html index.php;
        # Load configuration files for the default server block.
    #    include /etc/nginx/default.d/*.conf;

        location ~ \.php$ {
        fastcgi_pass 192.168.43.175:9000;
        include fastcgi.conf;
        
        }
....

 

第六步:检查nginx配置

[[email protected] ~]# nginx -t
nginx: the configuration file /etc/nginx/nginx.conf syntax is ok
nginx: configuration file /etc/nginx/nginx.conf test is successful

 

第七步:启动nginx

检查无误后启动nginx

[[email protected] ~]# systemctl restart nginx 
[[email protected] ~]# ss -tnl | lsof -i :80
COMMAND  PID  USER   FD   TYPE DEVICE SIZE/OFF NODE NAME
nginx   9433  root    6u  IPv4 188674      0t0  TCP *:http (LISTEN)
nginx   9434 nginx    6u  IPv4 188674      0t0  TCP *:http (LISTEN)

 

第八步:下载mysql

在mysql服务器端下载数据库

[[email protected] ~]# yum install mariadb-server -y

 

第九步:启动数据库

[[email protected] ~]# systemctl restart mariadb

 

第十步:建立数据库及用户

创建一个wordpress数据库,新建一个wordpress用户

[[email protected] ~]# mysql -uroot -p123
Welcome to the MariaDB monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 116
Server version: 5.7.23-log MySQL Community Server (GPL)

Copyright (c) 2000, 2017, Oracle, MariaDB Corporation Ab and others.

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

MySQL [(none)]> create database wordpress;
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.06 sec)

MySQL [(none)]> grant all on wordpress.* to [email protected]'%' identified by '123';
Query OK, 0 rows affected, 1 warning (0.07 sec)

MySQL [(none)]> flush privileges;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.02 sec)

 

经过以上十步lnmp环境就已经搭建完成

 

LNMP环境部署wordpress进行测试

 

第一步:nginx服务器端准备wordpress文件

[[email protected] ~]# cd /var/www/html/
[[email protected] html]# ls
[[email protected] html]# rz
[[email protected] html]# ls
wordpress-3.3.1-zh_CN.zip
[[email protected] html]# yum install unzip -y
[[email protected] html]# unzip wordpress-3.3.1-zh_CN.zip

 

第二步:php服务器端也要准备wordpress文件

至于为什么也要在php服务器端准备wordpress文件是因为nginx文件里面的配置,相当于动静分离架构,动态文件即php文件会来php服务器端来找

[[email protected] ~]# cd /var/www/html/
[[email protected] html]# ls
[[email protected] html]# rz
[[email protected] html]# ls
wordpress-3.3.1-zh_CN.zip
[[email protected] html]# yum install unzip -y
[[email protected] html]# unzip wordpress-3.3.1-zh_CN.zip
[[email protected] html]# ls
wordpress  wordpress-3.3.1-zh_CN.zip

 

 

第三步:浏览器测试

在浏览器输入nginx服务器的ip地址

点击创建一个配置文件

点击现在就开始

输入之前创建的数据库信息及用户信息,点击提交

提示创建失败,只能进行手工创建(nginx服务器端及php服务器端执行下面同样的操作)

[[email protected] html]# cd wordpress
[[email protected] wordpress]# cp wp-config-sample.php wp-config.php 
[[email protected] wordpress]# vim wp-config.php 
// ** MySQL 设置 - 具体信息来自您正在使用的主机 ** //
/** WordPress 数据库的名称 */
define('DB_NAME', 'wordpress');

/** MySQL 数据库用户名 */
define('DB_USER', 'wordpress');

/** MySQL 数据库密码 */
define('DB_PASSWORD', '123');

/** MySQL 主机 */
define('DB_HOST', '192.168.43.176');

/** 创建数据表时默认的文字编码 */
define('DB_CHARSET', 'utf8');

再次打开浏览器进行测试

根据提示输入以上信息,点击下面的安装

 

输入账号和密码进行登录即可

 

至此LNMP服务搭建完成

posted @ 2018-11-14 15:28 技术流ken 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏